Important Court Cases in Special Education
There are many court cases that helped define our current educational landscape. The following is a listing of some of the cases that have resulted in key Supreme Court decisions.
Provisions for Assessment in PL94-142
1. Tests are to be selected and administered so as to be racially and culturally nondiscriminatory
2. To the extent feasible, students are to be assessed in their native language language or primary mode of communication (such as American Sign Language and communication board.)
3. Tests must have been validated for the specific purpose for which they are used.
4. Tests must be administered by trained personnel in conformance with the instructions provided by the test producers.
5. Tests used with students must include those designed to provide information about specific educational needs, and not just a general intelligence quotient.
6. Decisions about students are to be based on more than their performance on a single test.
7. Evaluations are to be made by a multidisciplinary team that includes at lease one teacher or other specialist with knowledge in the are of suspected disability.
8. Children must be assessed in all areas related to a specific disability, including - where appropriate -- health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, general intelligence, academic performance, communicative skills and motor skills.
What's been happening since these cases? Do you know how to locate new case law? Do you know if there are any challenges to IDEA 97? Why not do some surfing to see what is out there?
You should now:
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E-mail J'Anne Ellsworth at Janne.Ellsworth@nau.edu
Course developed by J'Anne
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Northern Arizona University