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ALMEDA BROWN WARE

--> RIO DE FLAG BROWN

--> RIO DE FLAG SMUDGED

--> WINONA BROWN

--> ANGELL BROWN

--> YOUNGS BROWN

--> TURKEY HILL RED

--> SUNSET RED

--> GRAPEVINE BROWN


RIO DE FLAG BROWN
DESCRIPTION:
CORE: Constructed: by paddling. Color: gray to black; brick-red to brown or buff; carbon streak common. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere.
TEMPER: Predominantly opaque angular fragments, gray, tan, or black, occasional grain quartz or feldspar (?). Texture: medium to fine. WALLS: Medium strong. Thickness: jars, 4.7 to 8.5 mm; average 6 mm; bowls, 3.5 to 6 mm; average 4.7 mm. Fracture: slightly crumbling to shattering.
SURFACE: Finish: usually bumpy, compacted; sometimes polished; anvil marks often conspicuous. Color: jar exteriors brown to brownish-gray. Fire clouds: common.
FORMS: Bowls (sometimes smudged), jars predominate, pitchers rare (handle is not attached to rim), conical pipes.
DECORATION: None.
COMPARISON: Woodruff Brown: temper abundant fine grains quartz sand; surface color dull red to light brown, interiors frequently slate gray, surface finish gritty but fairly uniform, constructed by coiling. Adamana Brown: temper mostly quartz sand, mica like particles conspicuous on surface. Verde Brown: has medium angular quartz temper.
RANGE: Recorded only from around San Francisco Mountains, Coconino County, Arizona.
VARIETY: RIO DE FLAG TOOLED: Similar in every way to Rio de Flag Brown except that the surface is ornamented with a stick or by fingernail impressions while the clay is still wet.
 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu