Lab Activities

Southwestern Archaeology

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Facilities

People

 

ALMEDA BROWN WARE

--> RIO DE FLAG BROWN

--> RIO DE FLAG SMUDGED

--> WINONA BROWN

--> ANGELL BROWN

--> YOUNGS BROWN

--> TURKEY HILL RED

--> SUNSET RED

--> GRAPEVINE BROWN


SUNSET RED
DESCRIPTION: CORE: Construction: by paddling. Color: black to light gray (rare). Fired: at end in oxidizing atmosphere.
TEMPER: mostly black volcanic sand; occasional grain quartz sand; some angular fragments, usually reddish or tan, sometimes angular fragments almost as abundant as volcanic sand; temper particles often visible on surfaces. Texture: fine to medium.
WALLS: medium strong to strong. Thickness: bowls, 5.5 mm to 7.4 mm; average about 6.5 mm; jars, 3.8 to 8.3 mm; average about 6 mm. Fracture: usually crumbling; occasionally shattering.
SURFACE: Color: exteriors brown or red. Finish: exterior bowl and jar surfaces compacted or coated with red slip; scraped, smoothed, sometimes highly polished, polishing marks often conspicuous; sometimes pitted, frequently bumpy; interior bowl surfaces smoothed; almost always smudged and polished; sometimes coarsely crazed; interior jar surfaces scraped, pitted; anvil marks generally conspicuous on jar interiors. Fire clouds: common.
FORMS: Bowls, jars
DECORATION: No painted decoration.
COMPARISONS: Winona Brown, Turkey Hill Red, Tonto Red, Tuzigoot Red, all lack black volcanic sand temper.
RANGE:The portion of the San Francisco Mountain region covered with black volcanic ash from Sunset Crater, Walnut Creek Drainage, Coconino County, Arizona.
VARIETIES: Sunset brown, without the red slip; Sunset White-on-red; Sunset Smudged (bowls); Sunset Applique.

 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu