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Southwestern Archaeology

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ALMEDA BROWN WARE

--> RIO DE FLAG BROWN

--> RIO DE FLAG SMUDGED

--> WINONA BROWN

--> ANGELL BROWN

--> YOUNGS BROWN

--> TURKEY HILL RED

--> SUNSET RED

--> GRAPEVINE BROWN


TURKEY HILL RED
DESCRIPTION: CORE: Construction: by paddling. Color: black, gray, dark brown to brick red. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere.
TEMPER: abundant; predominantly opaque angular fragments of volcanic tuff, variable size, gray, white, or reddish; frequently some black volcanic sand; occasional isolated grain quartz sand. Texture: medium to coarse.
WALLS: Weak to medium strong. Thickness: 3.9 to 13.8 mm; average 7.7 mm. Fracture: Crumbling
SURFACE: Finish: exterior bowl and jar surfaces smoothed, compacted or coated with a thin slip, slip sometimes slightly powdery; usually well polished, polishing marks often conspicuous; interior bowl surfaces frequently not smoothed; anvil marks conspicuous. Color: exterior bowls and jars red, maroon, or brown; interior bowls black, red, brown; interior jars gray, or brick-red; color core and surface do not contrast except smudged; and exterior slipped portions. Fire clouds: common.
FORMS: bowls, jars, usually smudged; often difficult to distinguish from individual sherds.
DECORATION: No painted decoration.
COMPARISONS: Verde Red- temper usually more abundant, mostly crystalline rock, coarse feldspar, quartz, anvil marks usually more conspicuous, surfaces usually less well polished with temper often very conspicuous on worn surfaces. Tuzigoot Red- temper finer with smaller proportions of opaque angular fragments, texture core medium to fine, surfaces usually fairly well polished, not powdery, mica-like particles sometimes apparent in temper; vessel walls average somewhat thicker.
RANGE: San Francisco Mountain region, Coconino County, Arizona.
VARIETIES: Turkey Hill Smudged and Turkey Hill White-on-red.


 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu