DE FLAG BROWN
RIO DE FLAG SMUDGED
DESCRIPTION: CORE: Construction: by paddling. Color: black, gray,
dark brown to brick red. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere.
TEMPER: abundant; predominantly opaque angular fragments of volcanic
tuff, variable size, gray, white, or reddish; frequently some
black volcanic sand; occasional isolated grain quartz sand. Texture:
medium to coarse.
WALLS: Weak to medium strong. Thickness: 3.9 to 13.8 mm; average
7.7 mm. Fracture: Crumbling
SURFACE: Finish: exterior bowl and jar surfaces smoothed, compacted
or coated with a thin slip, slip sometimes slightly powdery; usually
well polished, polishing marks often conspicuous; interior bowl
surfaces frequently not smoothed; anvil marks conspicuous. Color:
exterior bowls and jars red, maroon, or brown; interior bowls
black, red, brown; interior jars gray, or brick-red; color core
and surface do not contrast except smudged; and exterior slipped
portions. Fire clouds: common.
FORMS: bowls, jars, usually smudged; often difficult to distinguish
from individual sherds.
DECORATION: No painted decoration.
COMPARISONS: Verde Red- temper usually more abundant, mostly crystalline
rock, coarse feldspar, quartz, anvil marks usually more conspicuous,
surfaces usually less well polished with temper often very conspicuous
on worn surfaces. Tuzigoot Red- temper finer with smaller proportions
of opaque angular fragments, texture core medium to fine, surfaces
usually fairly well polished, not powdery, mica-like particles
sometimes apparent in temper; vessel walls average somewhat thicker.
RANGE: San Francisco Mountain region, Coconino County, Arizona.
VARIETIES: Turkey Hill Smudged and Turkey Hill White-on-red.