Lab Activities

Southwestern Archaeology

Capabilities & Services

Facilities

People

 

ALMEDA BROWN WARE

--> RIO DE FLAG BROWN

--> RIO DE FLAG SMUDGED

--> WINONA BROWN

--> ANGELL BROWN

--> YOUNGS BROWN

--> TURKEY HILL RED

--> SUNSET RED

--> GRAPEVINE BROWN


WINONA BROWN
DESCRIPTION:
CORE: Constructed: by paddling. Color: gray to dark brown usually well-fired. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere.
TEMPER: Abundant very coarse rounded or crushed volcanic tuff, gray, white, buff, or reddish; occasional minute quartz crystals, sometimes few grains volcanic sand. Texture: coarse
WALLS: Weak to medium strong. Thickness: 3 to 15 mm, average 6.5 mm Fracture: ragged, seldom crumbling.
SURFACE: Finish: outside smoothed, never slipped, wiping marks often prominent; interiors almost never polished or finished, anvil marks conspicuous even in bowls. Color: exterior and interior bowls and jars, buff, orange, to dark brown to dark gray (near black); interiors rarely smudged black. Fire clouds: common.
FORMS: Jars predominate, bowls, shallow plates, odd forms such as rectangular bowls rare; Gila shoulder present in many vessels
DECORATION: none.

COMPARISONS: Winona Brown differs from Rio de Flag Brown by having crushed or rounded coarse volcanic temper and in being more buff or orange than brown. Sunset Red has predominance of cinder temper, and is predominantly red in color; Winona Brown is never red. Turkey Hill Red has very smoothed red slipped surface. Angell Brown is the same as Winona Brown except that the temper shows mostly sanadine crystals rather than gray volcanic tuff.
RANGE: Walnut Creek and adjacent localities, San Francisco Mountains, Coconino County, Arizona.

 

 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu