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LITTLE COLORADO WHITE WARE

--> St. JOSEPH BLACK-ON-WHITE

--> HOLBROOK BLACK-ON-WHITE

--> PADRE BLACK-ON-WHITE

--> WALNUT BLACK-ON-WHITE

--> LEUPP BLACK-ON-WHITE


HOLBROOK BLACK-ON-WHITE

DATE RANGE: There are two varieties of Holbrook Black-on-white, Variety A, which is stylistically parallel with Black Mesa Black-on-white, and Variety B, which parallels Sosi Black-on-white. Thus, date ranges are presumed similar, with Variety A dating to approximately A.D. 1025 to 1150, and Variety B to A.D. 1075 to 1200.

DESCRIPTION:

CORE: Construction: by coiling Fired: in reducing atmosphere. Core: gray. Temper: abundant opaque angular fragments, sherd, gray or tan, varying size mostly fine, occasional grains of quartz sand. Vessel walls: medium strong. Fracture: slightly crumbling. Surface finish: interior and exterior bowl surfaces coated with moderately heavy white slip; sometimes chalky and fugitive on exterior surface; interior surface fairly well polished, sometimes coarsely crazed, scraping marks noticeable through slip on undecorated surfaces, exterior surface not smoothed, not polished, sometimes bumpy, often pitted. Surface color: gray or white. Forms: bowls. Thickness bowls: 3.7 to 5.9 mm. Paint Color: black, usually dense. Pigment: organic. Decoration: style is like Deadmans, usually on interiors.
COMPARISONS: Black Mesa Black-on-white is similar but has abundant quartz sand temper, no conspicuous slip, and no sherd temper.
RANGE: Petrified National Forest and surrounding territory to San Francisco Mountain region.
REMARKS: Holbrook Black-on-white appears in 2 styles of design. Style A is similar to Black Mesa Black-on-White, triangles with pendant dots being characteristic. Style B is somewhat similar to Sosi Black-on-white, having broad lines, wrapping geometric designs, and lacking pendant dots. Both styles seem to be contemporary and are found in the same area. Intergrades between Black Mesa Black-on-white and Holbrook Black-on-white are sometimes encountered.


 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu