Lab Activities

Southwestern Archaeology

Capabilities & Services







CORE: Construction: by coiling and scraping. Fired: finally in oxidizing atmosphere. Core: dark gray to gray, dark brown to brick- red. Temper: rock, angular quartz, lesser a mounts horneblende (?), or Basalt (?); conspicuous in cross section of reddish color; not conspicuous on surfaces. Vessel walls: medium strong to strong. Texture core: medium to fine. Surface finish: bowls not bumpy, highly polished; horizontal polishing marks frequently conspicuous; both surfaces of bowls and exterior of jars are compacted. Surface color: red, reddish brown, interior surface of seed jars is light brownish-gray, surface color and core do not contrast when core is reddish. Slip: present. Fire clouds: not common. Forms: bowls predominate, dippers rare, seed jars uncommon, jars rare. Painted decoration: black, brown, purplish; frequently crystals show in paint. Pigment: manganese. Decoration: interior surface of bowls, rarely exterior, rims occasionally painted; exterior surface of jars. Patterns: geometric, 1 to 4 encircling lines beginning at base of rim; often motifs pendent from rim. Elements: lines: stripes, solid triangles; lines: straight, wavy, single or in series.
COMPARISON: Bluff Black-on-red less highly polished; somewhat bumpy; pitted; bowl walls thicker; crudely executed; encircling line below rim absent; elements often arranged in circular order; curved lines and stripes common.
RANGE: center of abundance northern Arizona east of Colorado River.


Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.