TSEGI ORANGE WARE
The development of orange pottery proceeded in several well-defined
steps: 1) A red paint for decorative designs came into use about
the time the first pottery was made(600?). 2) a b lack paint that
would not burn off , composed of manganese oxides, appeared about
800 A.D. 3) a slip to make the orange pottery red was introduced
about 1050 A.D. 4) at about the same time, the use of crushed pottery
sherds for temper was adopted. 5) Between 1050 and 1100,a three
color polychrome was produced by leaving the slip off of certain
areas of the vessel. 6) between 1200 and 1250, a four- colored polychrome
was produced using white paint with orange, black or red.
The distinction between San Juan Red Ware and Tsegi Orange Ware
is based on three characteristics: Clay, temper and use of slip.
San Juan Red Ware rarely has a slip, has sand or crushed rock
temper. The clay frequently fires red or brown. Tsegi Orange Ware
may have a slip, has sherd or white angular fragments in its temper,
and the clay fires orange.
CORE: Construction: by coiling. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere.
Color: dark grey to light gray, brownish through brick-red to
TEMPER: varied amounts of quartz sand and light-colored sherd
fragments, frequently conspicuous on sherds which appear as surfaces,
in cross section, and on worn surfaces.
WALLS: medium strong to strong.
SURFACE: Color: generally dull orange except for slipped portions;
slip, maroon red; color surface and core generally do not contrast
except when core is gray. Fire Clouds: common.
FORMS: Bowls, jars, seed-jars, dippers; bowls often have single
horizontal handle; vessel base frequently depressed.
PAINTED DECORATION: black, red, white (one type unpainted). Pigment:
black, manganese; white, kaolin; red, hematite
Decoration: confined to interior surface bowls; red band or red
stripe encircle exterior surface bowls or exterior has red slip;
white paint as outliner for black design; rims, frequently solid
Elements and motifs: hachured panels, series parallel lines, narrow
lines, horizontal and diagonal hachure in rectangular, circular,
stepped, or triangular panels; staggered lines, vertical lines
with staggered squares between; black striped, solid stepped elements.
Range: Indigenous in the Rainbow Plateau area and Hopi country.
Traded widely over Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico.
TSEGI ORANGE WARE TYPES