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TSEGI ORANGE WARE

Pottery Wares of Northern Arizona


The development of orange pottery proceeded in several well-defined steps: 1) A red paint for decorative designs came into use about the time the first pottery was made(600?). 2) a b lack paint that would not burn off , composed of manganese oxides, appeared about 800 A.D. 3) a slip to make the orange pottery red was introduced about 1050 A.D. 4) at about the same time, the use of crushed pottery sherds for temper was adopted. 5) Between 1050 and 1100,a three color polychrome was produced by leaving the slip off of certain areas of the vessel. 6) between 1200 and 1250, a four- colored polychrome was produced using white paint with orange, black or red.

The distinction between San Juan Red Ware and Tsegi Orange Ware is based on three characteristics: Clay, temper and use of slip. San Juan Red Ware rarely has a slip, has sand or crushed rock temper. The clay frequently fires red or brown. Tsegi Orange Ware may have a slip, has sherd or white angular fragments in its temper, and the clay fires orange.

DESCRIPTION:
CORE: Construction: by coiling. Fired: in oxidizing atmosphere. Color: dark grey to light gray, brownish through brick-red to pink.
TEMPER: varied amounts of quartz sand and light-colored sherd fragments, frequently conspicuous on sherds which appear as surfaces, in cross section, and on worn surfaces.
WALLS: medium strong to strong.
SURFACE: Color: generally dull orange except for slipped portions; slip, maroon red; color surface and core generally do not contrast except when core is gray. Fire Clouds: common.
FORMS: Bowls, jars, seed-jars, dippers; bowls often have single horizontal handle; vessel base frequently depressed.
PAINTED DECORATION: black, red, white (one type unpainted). Pigment: black, manganese; white, kaolin; red, hematite
Decoration: confined to interior surface bowls; red band or red stripe encircle exterior surface bowls or exterior has red slip; white paint as outliner for black design; rims, frequently solid painted line.
Patterns: geometric.
Elements and motifs: hachured panels, series parallel lines, narrow lines, horizontal and diagonal hachure in rectangular, circular, stepped, or triangular panels; staggered lines, vertical lines with staggered squares between; black striped, solid stepped elements.

Range: Indigenous in the Rainbow Plateau area and Hopi country. Traded widely over Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico.

TSEGI ORANGE WARE TYPES

--> MEDICINE BLACK-ON-RED

--> TUSAYAN BLACK-ON-RED

--> CAMERON POLYCHROME

--> CITADEL POLYCHROME

--> TSEGI RED-ON-ORANGE

--> TSEGI BLACK-ON-ORANGE

--> TSEGI POLYCHROME

--> TUSAYAN POLYCHROME

--> KAYENTA POLYCHROME

--> KIET SIEL POLYCHROME

 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu