Lab Activities

Southwestern Archaeology

Capabilities & Services

Facilities

People

 

TUSAYAN GRAY WARE

Pottery Wares of Northern Arizona


DESCRIPTION:
CORE: Construction: by coiling. Fired: last in reducing atmosphere. Color: light gray to dark gray (sometimes almost black with carbon) Carbon streak: fairly frequent in some types, but generally characteristic. Temper: abundant quartz sand, from medium fine to very coarse; occasional opaque fragments, gray or tan; occasionally feldspar grains in some types; temper usually conspicuous. Vessel walls: medium strong to weak. Fracture: crumbling. Surface finish: most types roughly scraped, not smoothed, not polished, usually pitted, scraping marks conspicuous; exterior surface plain, corrugated, tooled applique; no true slip on any type, but sometimes a fugitive red wash (Lino Fugitive Red). Surface color: gray, blackened. Fire clouds: common only on Kiet Siel Gray. Vessel Forms: jars, bowls, pitchers, dippers. Decorative techniques: manipulation of surface clay or application of paint to the surface. Decoration: painted on Lino Black-on-gray only. Paint: dull black, occasionally brownish if thin, smudged surface rare. Pigment: Rare.
RANGE: Most types occur over a large area which includes northwestern New Mexico, southern Utah, and northeastern Arizona. A few types are localized.


DESCRIPTION
CORE: Construction: by coiling and scraping. Fired: finally in reducing atmosphere. Core: sometimes light gray, but usually dark gray or black, due to use in cooking. Temper: abundant medium fine to coarse quartz sand, temper conspicuous on surfaces. Vessel walls: medium strong. Texture core: fine to coarse. Surface finish: very roughly finished; scraped and occasionally lightly smoothed in spots; never slipped; usually deeply pitted; scraping marks very conspicuous. Surface color: gray or black. Carbon streak: common. Forms: bowls, jars predominate, pitchers, dippers, canteens rare, often difficult to distinguish jar sherds from bowls sherds; vessel walls usually of fairly uniform thickness in individual vessels, but vary widely between vessels. Painted decoration: none.

COMPARISON: Lino Gray-jars with plain vertical neck, not out-flaring; plain body. Kana-a Gray-jars with vertical neck with wide annular fillets; body plain. Tusayan Corrugated-neck out-flaring, body corrugated. Moenkopi Corrugated-neck out-flaring, body corrugated, indent or clapboard partially obliterated. Kiet Siel Gray-neck out-flaring, body plain.

TUSAYAN GRAY WARE TYPES

--> KANA-A GRAY

--> TUSAYAN CORRUGATED

--> MOENKOPI CORRUGATED

--> KIET SIEL GRAY

 
 

Dept. of Anthropology, P.O. Box 15200,
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-5200, USA.
email: anthrolab@nau.edu