Cruising - prelude to solos
Riding Toys, walkers
Pushing and pulling
Moving in new ways
|Savors self and begins self control
Trust vs. Mistrust
This is still the major job of the child and caretaker
Tantrums are common but blow over" without toddler resentment
Limit setting is crucial
Express pleasure in the child
pride in "doing"
Great need for a sense of safety and ritual "Do it again..."
Fears begin - need to be accorded understanding
Does not understand right from wrong
Not yet able to "hurt" others intentionally
Toddler is "driven" to have own way - strong need to "be" and be loved for self
"NO" and "ME do it" are a constant reminder of the child's need for feeling in control --
this is a drive rather than a preference
Choices work best in helping the child to feel in control and minimize tantrums and power
Craves routine, structure, consistency
Referent continues to be mother, but second person will become important during this year.
May be sitter, dad, sibling.
Child models the actions of those s/he sees, spends time with
Stranger anxiety can occur and is very real to some toddlers
Autonomy is a driving force for the child and egocentrism is a key
All in child's world of recognition still are the reflection of the child who is still at
the center of everything
Social system begins to make a big impact on the child - family position, joie
Nip aggression with firmness, consistency
| Sensory-motor thinking
Conservation of matter-loves "peek-a-boo" throws toys out of sight and reach to play "fetch"
Works at casual ideas and opposites i.e. "if I do this...
Language development is astonishing and complex
First two years of life are greatest time of learning when compared to whole of life