J. Richard Coast, Ph.D.

Email: Richard.Coast@nau.edu

Professional Interests

Exercise Physiology, Respiratory Physiology, and Human Performance

The University of Tennessee; Knoxville, Tennessee 
Ph.D. in Life Sciences, August, 1983
Northern Arizona University; Flagstaff, Arizona
B.S. in Zoology, May, 1976,  M.S. in Biology, May, 1979
Related Experience

Professor of Exercise Science, Dept. Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, July, 2005 to present
Professor of Exercise Science, Dept. Exercise Science and Athletic Training, August, 1999 to June 2005.
        Department Chair, July, 1998 to June, 2004.
        Associate Professor, August, 1995 to August 1999; Assistant Professor, August, 1993 to August, 1995.
 Associate Professor, Dept. Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, August, 1991 to August, 1993.
         Assistant Professor, August, 1986 to August, 1991.
 Visiting Scholar, Pulmonary Physiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Summer, 1989.
 Postdoctoral Fellow, Dept. Internal Medicine, Univ. Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1/84-8/86

Funded Grants

 Cardiac Output Response to Loaded Breathing.  American Heart Association, Texas Affiliate. 1986-88. P.I.
 Cardiac Output and Work of Breathing During Exercise. American Heart Association, Texas Affiliate. 1988-91. P.I.
 Respiratory Muscle Fatigue and Training.  American Lung Association. 1989-92.  P.I.
 Lung Mechanics Following Thoracic Blood Volume Changes. NAU/NASA Space Grant Program. 1994-95. P.I.
 Cardiopulmonary Interaction in the Control of Peripheral Blood Flow. American Heart Association - Arizona Affiliate. 1995-97.  P.I.
 Cardiopulmonary Interactions in Awake Humans.  NIH-MBRS Supplemental Application. 1996-98. P.I.
 An Initiative for a Minority Student Development Program at Northern Arizona University. NIH.  1998-2002. K. Nishikawa P.I. Coast, J.R.  Associate investigator.
The Effect of Inhibitory Metabolites on Diaphragm Contractility and Fatigue. Arizona Prop. 301 Funding. 2005-2005 P.I.

Publications (Representative and last five years of 50+)

Coast, J.R. and H.G. Welch. Linear increase in optimal pedal rate with increased power output in cycle ergometry. Eur J. Appl. Physiol. 53:339-342. 1985.
Coast, J.R. and S.S. Cassidy. Diaphragmatic responses to graded stimulation of pulmonary C-fibers with capsaicin. J. Appl. Physiol. 59:1487-1494. 1985.
Coast, J.R., G.S. Thompson, Jr., and S.S. Cassidy. Inhibition of skeletal muscle activity by lung expansion in the dog. J. Appl. Physiol. 62: 2058-2065. 1987.
Coast, J.R., R.A. Jensen, S.S. Cassidy, M. Ramanathan, and R.L. Johnson, Jr.  Changes in cardiac output and oxygen consumption during loaded inspiration. J. Appl. Physiol. 64:1624-1628. 1988.
Coast, J.R., R.M. Romeo, and S.S. Cassidy. Diaphragmatic vasodilation elicited by pulmonary C-fiber stimulation. Respir. Physiol. 75:279-288. 1989.
Coast, J.R., P.S. Clifford, T.W. Henrich, J. Stray-Gundersen, and R.L. Johnson, Jr. Maximal inspiratory pressure following maximal exercise in trained and untrained subjects. Med. Sci. Sports Exer. 22: 811-815. 1990.
O'Kroy, J.A., R.A. Loy, and J.R. Coast. Pulmonary function changes following exercise. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 24: 1359-1364. 1992.
Coast, J.R., S.A. Rasmussen, K.M. Krause, J.A. O'Kroy, R.A. Loy and J. Rhodes. Ventilatory work and oxygen consumption during exercise and hyperventilation. J. Appl. Physiol. 74: 793-798. 1993.
O'Kroy, J.A. and J.R. Coast. Effects of flow and resistive training on respiratory muscle endurance and strength. Respiration. 60: 279-283. 1993.
Coast, J.R., R.A. Shanely, J.M. Lawler, and R. A. Herb.  Lactic acidosis and diaphragmatic function in vitro. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 152: 1648-1652. 1995.
Coast, J.R., S.F. Crouse and G. Jessup. Exercise Physiology Videolabs and Lab Manual. WC Brown and Benchmark Pub. Madison, WI. 1995.
Lawler, J.M., C.C. Cline, Z. Hu, and J.R. Coast. Effect of oxidant challenge on contractile function of the aging diaphragm. Am. J. Physiol. 272: E201-E207. 1997.
Lawler, J.M., C.C. Cline, and J.R. Coast. Effect of free radical stress and acidosis on diaphragm contractility. Am. J. Physiol. 273: R630-R636. 1997.
Coast, J.R., J.A. O'Kroy, F.M. Akers, T. Dahl. Effects of lower body pressure changes on pulmonary function. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 30: 1035-1040. 1998.
Cline, C.C., D.A. Arnall, and J.R. Coast. Description and validation of a chest wall restrictive device.1. Development and validation. Respiration. 66: 182-187. 1999.
Gonzalez, J, J.R. Coast, J.M. Lawler and H.G. Welch. A chest wall restrictor of study effects on pulmonary function and exercise. 2. The energetics of restrictive breathing. Respiration. 66: 188-194. 1999.
Coast, J.R., H.C. Haverkamp, C.M. Finkbone, K.L. Anderson, S.O. George and R.A. Herb. Pulmonary effects of exercise and voluntary hyperpnea simulating exercise. Int. J. Sports Med. 20: 470-475. 1999.
Haverkamp, H.C., M. Metelits, J. Hartnett, K. Olsson, and J.R. Coast. Pulmonary function subsequent to expiratory muscle fatigue in normal humans. Int J. Sports Med. 22: 498-503. 2001.
Cottrell, G.T., J.R. Coast, and R.A. Herb. Effect of recovery interval on multiple-bout sprint cycling performance after acute creatine supplementation. J. Str. Cond. Res. 16: 109-116. 2002
Shanely, R.A. and J.R. Coast. Effect of ammonia on in vitro diaphragmatic contractility, fatigue and recovery. Respiration. 69: 534-541. 2002.
Coast, J.R., J.S. Blevins, and B.A. Wilson. Do gender differences in running performance disappear with distance? Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 29: 139-145. 2004
Coast, J.R. and C.C. Cline. The effect of chest wall restriction on exercise capacity. Respirology. 9: 197-203. 2004.
Wheeler, S., A. Maxwell-Bawden, R.A. Herb, G.E. Gallagher, and J.R. Coast. Zidovudine-induced diaphragmatic contractiler dysfunction: Impact of an antioxidant diet. Respirology. 10: 171-176. 2005.
Krieger, S.R., D.J. Pierotti, and J.R. Coast. Spinal cord injury and contractile properties of the human tibialis anterior. J. Sports Sci. Med. 4: 124-133. 2005.
Coast, J.R., J.L. Baronas, C. Morris and K.S. Willeford. The effect of football shoulder pads on pulmonary function. J. Sports Sci. Med. 4: 367-371. 2005.

Published Abstracts (Last three years)

Coast, J.R., J.S. Blevins and B.A. Wilson. Do gender differences in running performance decrease with distance? Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 33: S160. 2001.
Herb, R.A., S.M. Wheeler, G.E. Gallagher, D. Frederick, G. Thopsey, I.S. Ho and J.R. Coast. Antioxidant diet reduces AZT-mediated diaphragmatic contractile dysfunction in vitro. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 33: S172. 2001.
Herb, R.A., S.M. Wheeler, G.E. Gallagher, R.G. Coleman, A.K. Shoolroy, J. Magallanes, and J.R. Coast. Zidovudine-mediated neonatal diaphragm contractile dysfunction. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 34: S155. 2002.
Johnson, J.M., E.A. Sabel, and J.R. Coast. Effects of increasing extracellular potassium on in vitro rat diaphragm function. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 35: S150. 2003.
Coast, J.R., S.R. Krieger, and D.J. Pierotti. Contractile properties of disused human tibialis anterior muscle. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 35: S242. 2003.
Blevins, J.S., J.R. Coast, J.E. Mougin, and T.A. Miller. Do volunteer and staff fire fighters meet minimum rates of physical activity despite the demands of the job. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 36: S246. 2004.

Professional Memberships

American College of Sports Medicine, Fellow
American Physiological Society
Southwest American College of Sports Medicine, President, 2003-2004