METACOGNITION AND THE SCIENCES - (4/7>
Students are supposed to
Many subfields in the social sciences and psychology follow a similar model, specifically those that
rely on the experimental method and the quantitative analysis of large data sets.
- apply hard facts and reliable data to a problem solving situation
- consider possible outcomes
- hypothesize the most reasonable prediction
- perform a tightly contolled experiment to test the hypothesis
- measure the results meticulously
- come to probable, carefully qualified conclusions based on the resulting evidence.
- Student opinion has little or no place in the process
- Students should establish the validity of the source when citing someone else's published opinion.
- A lab write-up or report has a specific format, much like a recipe, that students receive instructions to follow.
- One selects the relevant information from lab notes and places it in the proper categories
according to the format.
- Students are expected to include
- to clarify, simplify, and/or abbreviate the presentation.
- They should carefully construct and label these visuals.
- What writing is necessary should be clean, concise, and impersonal with relatively short,
- Under certain circumstances (e.g. lists), incomplete sentences are perfectly
- Sometimes use of the passive voice is recommended.