NUR390 : The Class : Collecting and Analyzing Data : Poster & Podium Presentation : Online Lesson

Poster & Podium Presentation

Podium Presentations

Develop An Abstract

  • Concise summary of the material to be presented
How To Develop An Abstract
  • Match abstract topic with the nature of the conference
  • Follow all guidelines as stated in the call for abstract

Parts Of An Abstract

  • Problem statement
  • Description of the project
  • Interpretation of the findings
  • Summary

  • Problem statement
    • Describe the purpose of what you will be presenting
    • The purpose of this project is to examine ways conflict is managed in a nursing unit
    • The purpose of this project is to evaluate criteria for making delegation decisions

  • Description of the project
    • Provide sufficient information so that another person can evaluate what you have done
    • In this study conflict situation was examined

  • Interpretation of findings
    • Provide a Conclusion
    • An analysis was made of the triggering factors
    • Suggestions for management are included

  • Summary
    • Clinical importance of the project is reviewed
    • Suggestions for future actions are made

Preparing the Podium Presentations

  • Clarify the objectives for your presentation
  • Analyze your audience

Organization of the Material

  • Logical progression
  • Chronological order is useful when giving a historical perspective
  • Move from simple to complex

Level of the Material

  • Use a familiar context in which to present the new material
  • Best mix for communicating new information is
    • 30% new material
    • 70% familiar material

Use Of Visuals

  • Picture is useful in conveying material
    • Example: Talk about clinical pathways- use of a road map
    • Shows how to get from one point to another
  • Graphs help to convey the meaning of a statistic

Suggestions for Visuals

  • Use Serif Font
  • Use capital letters for short titles
  • Allow 1 letter width for spaces
  • Allow three letter widths between sentences
  • Light letters on a dark background are more visible
  • Plan visualize with simplicity in mind
  • One idea or concept per visual is best
  • Maximum of 8 lines and 6 words per line is best
  • Too much information on one visual causes confusion

Format for Podium Presentations

  • Progressive disclosure
  • Focuses thought pattern
  • Progressively uncover information

Timing of the Presentation

  • Keep to the assigned time
  • General rule of thumb
    • One typed, double-spaced page takes 2 1/2 minutes to read
    • The use of visuals will increase length of presentation

Presentation Delivery

  • Select language appropriate to the audience
  • Pace your speech to the audience
  • Change pace at least every 15 minutes (Show new slide or Ask question)
  • Talk from notes - DO NOT READ
  • Try to be engaged with your audience
  • Voice should be clear, loud, and conversational
  • Maintain eye contact with audience
  • Avoid distracting speech patterns
  • Keep gestures simple
  • Appearance should be that of a professional

Hints to Avoid Anxiety

  • Feel good about what you are wearing
  • Practice cannot be overemphasized
  • Rehearse with an audio cassette recorder
  • Try out your talk with a familiar audience

Poster Presentations

What is a Poster

  • A visual combination of bold design, color, and message intended to catch and hold the attention of the passerby long enough to implant a significant idea in the mind. (Wittich and Schuller, 1973).

Advantages of Poster Presentations

  • Offers an alternative to podium presentations
  • Presents information in a visual form
  • Provides an intimate forum for the exchange of information
  • Allows for more discussion between the presenter and the viewer

Problems with Posters

  • Time and effort in developing poster
  • Need for special materials for development
  • Problems in transporting to the presentation site

Graphic Design

  • Choose either a vertical or a horizontal design (Do not mix)

Poster Preparation

  • Sketch out design for panels
  • Be sure that the progression of material is clear
  • Use 2 - 3 panels
  • Use a mix of words and visuals

Poster Titles

  • Place title at top
  • Use of all capital letters
  • Don't use more than 8 words in title

Use of Headings

  • Keep style consistent
  • Align flush left or center
  • Keep headings short - three or four words
  • Put in larger type than the text of the poster
  • Use active voice


  • Bar graphs should have separated bars of the same width
  • Line graphs should be limited to no more than 4 lines
  • Pie graphs should be limited to 6 wedges
  • Graph size should be readable at 6 feet distance
  • Contrasting color or shading is helpful

Use of Tables

  • Keep headings in singular
  • Align decimal points


  • Create balance between large and small items
  • Balance script with white space

Use of Color

  • Attracts attention
  • Produces psychological effects
  • Builds retention
  • Creates aesthetically pleasing atmosphere
  • One color plus black offers greatest contrast
  • Warm colors give higher visibility
  • Bright colors may detract from significance
  • One color should dominate 70% of poster
  • Favorable combinations
    • white on light blue
    • Blue on white
    • White on green
    • Black on tan

Once you have completed this assignment, you should:

Go on to Web Assignment
Go back to Poster & Podium Presentation

Want to talk to your classmates? Go to the VCC!

Karine Crow -

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