by Peter A. Jolma,
Native Plants of Arizona 2007
Uses: Eaten by all classes of livestock, especially cattle and horses. Medium palatability. Because of its relative abundance, it provides a large amount of the forage in northern Arizona. Medium protein potential. Exhibits green growth during spring, summer, and fall. Sensitive to overgrazing and reseeds poorly. (10,15,20).
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21. Stevens, L. 1995. The Colorado River in Grand Canyon. Red Lake Books. Flagstaff, AZ.
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23. Kearney, T.H. and Peebles, R.H. 1951 with Supplement 1960. Arizona Flora. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA.