During the middle and late Paleozoic, about a third of the Rodinian mass was torn apart and moved to equatorial regions. Most of these blocks were assembled by a series of plate collisions into the super continents of Laurussia [the Old Red continent] by the Devonian and Laurasia by the Pennsylvanian. Meanwhile the remains of Rodinia, Gondwana, rotated clockwise and moved northward to collide with Laurasia -- the result was the super continent Pangaea [all land]. Pangaea was shaped like a huge "pack man", mouth agape and facing eastward across the equator. The large,open mouth was the Tethys Ocean.

The Caledonian-Acadian orogeny marks the assemblage of the macro continent Laurussia, sometimes called the "Old Red continent". Meanwhile, Gondwana closes in from the south. An arc approaches western North America from the west.

Paleogeographic globes

  • 400 Ma

    Tectonics, Sedimentation, Paleogeography of North Atlantic Region

  • 400 Ma
  • 370 Ma

    1st Order Global Tectonic Features

  • 400 Ma
  • 370 Ma
    Link to other time periods

  • Cambrian
  • Ordovician
  • Silurian
  • Mississippian
  • Pennsylvanian
  • Permian
  • Triassic
  • Jurassic
  • Early Cretaceous
  • Late Cretaceous
  • Eocene
  • Miocene
  • Present

    Return to Global History Home Page