Sedimentation, Tectonics, and Paleogeography of Southern Europe and the Mediterranean Region

Each of the following pages is centered on the Mediterranean, beginning during the Triassic and continuing through the Cenozoic. For general views of earlier geologic history, see the series on the North Atlantic region. Two maps are shown on each page; the top map shows the unlabled paleogeography and the second map labels the tectonic and paleogeographic elements. Many tectonic elements, especially the continental blocks and microcontinents, are known by more than one name. The scheme used here uses common names, especially names with modern, familiar, descriptive terms.

UPDATE!! Revised maps!! Additional maps!!

PLEASE NOTE: the maps on this page are relatively old and are presented here at their full resolution. Newer maps are available at

  • Colorado Plateau Geosystems Website

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    The general plate data are from Scotese, C. R., 1998. Quicktime Computer Animations, PALEOMAP Project, Department of Geology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.. The paleogeographic, sedimentologic, and tectonic data are compiled from many sources but are especially influenced by Ziegler, 1988, Evolution of the Arctic-North Atlantic and the western Tethys, AAPG Memoir 43; Geary, 198; and Sengor and Natal'in (1996, in The Tectonic Evolution of Asia, ed. by Yin and Harrison, Cambridge University Press).

  • Late Triassic
  • Early Jurassic
  • Middle Jurassic
  • Early Cretaceous
  • Middle Cretaceous
  • Late Cretaceous-Early Tertiary
  • Eocene
  • Oligocene-Early Miocene
  • Late Miocene

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