1997
Ugly Bug Contest


Cromer Elementary School - Bug #1

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Family: Calopterygidae
  • Order: Odonata
  • genus: Hetaerina americana
  • The American Ruby Spot is also known as a damselfly. They live in most of eastern North America. The body is reddish, the wings are clear, and the male has bright red spots at the base of its wings (this one is a male). These are large damselflies that like to live along streams in grassy areas. The nymphs live in the water. All stages of development are predaceous, feeding on mosquitoes, midges, and other small insects. These wild insects don't bother humans or damage crops. Enlarged 19 times.


    DeMiguel Elementary School - Bug #2

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnids
  • Order: Araneae
  • Family: Scytodidae
  • Spitting spiders are pale yellow to dark chestnut brown, and are sometimes mottled with black or brown on the cephalothorax. They live in woods and fields under leaf litter, trash, or stones, but may also live in cellars and closets. These spiders do not construct webs, but rather spit out a mucilaginous substance that engulfs and traps their prey. Their bite is venomous. They live mostly in southwestern states, with some species living on the East Coast. Spitting spiders eat small insects. The female carries an egg sac like a baby pouch.

    Enlarged 40 times.


    Kinsey Elementary School - Bug #3

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Family: Formicidae
  • Order: Hymenoptera
  • Ants live almost everywhere in the world. Most ants live 3-5 years, but some can live to be 15. They are social insects, living in colonies with just a few ants or with thousands. They have various castes; queens and males usually have wings and the workers are wingless. They nest in burrows or tunnels, hollow wood, buildings, or old ant nests. The nests have many rooms that are used for food storage, different stages of ant life (cocoons, larvae, or newborns), a garbage pit, and the queen's room. Ant mouths have jaws for grasping food and cutting plants. They use their legs to eat sweet-tasting food, nectar, plants, grass, and dead bodies. Antennae are important to ants. They use them to keep from getting lost, not bump into each other, fight, talk to one another, and find food. Humans often consider ants to be nuisances. Some ants will bite if disturbed and many will sting. A few can eject foul-smelling secretion from the anus. Enlarged 50 times.


    Thomas Elementary School - Bug #4

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Order: Homoptera
  • Family: Cicadellidae
  • genus: Xerophloea major
  • There are many types of leafhoppers, some of which are strikingly colored. They are generally less than 10 mm long. They eat the leaves of almost all types of plants, including forest, shade, and orchard trees, shrubs, grasses, flowers, and many field and garden crops. Some are pests that cause serious crop damage. Some species remove excessive amounts of sap or chlorophyll, some plug the phloem and xylem vessels in the leaves, some are vectors for organisms that cause plant disease, and some cause stunting or leaf curling. Many species emit from the anus a liquid called honeydew, to which other insects (particularly ants) may be attracted. Enlarged 24 times.


    Weitzel Elementary School - Bug #5

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Order: Orthoptera
  • Family: Blattellidae
  • German cockroaches (Blattella germanica) sometimes invade houses, where they can be serious pests with an unpleasant odor. They hide in cracks during the day and feed on a variety of foods at night. All species are active, fast-running insects. They have long hairlike antennae and an oval, flattened shape with the pronotum concealing their head. Cockroaches are primarily tropical insects that travel north in shipments of tropical fruits. Wood cockroaches can be found here outside under dead logs and stones.

    Back to Ugly Bug Contest 1999


    Contestants collected by the 1996-1997 Third Grade Classes from:

  • Cromer Elementary School
  • DeMiguel Elenentary School
  • Kinsey Elementary School
  • Thomas Elementary School
  • Weitzel Elementary School
  • Contestants prepared and photograhed at:

    • Northern Arizona University Electron Microscope Facility
    • Marilee Sellers, Manager
    • Jena Stears, Technician

    Image processing and design at:

    • Northern Arizona University Bilby Research Center
    • Daniel Boone, Imaging Specialist
    • Ron Redsteer, Science Illustrator

    This year's World Wide Web presentation by:


    Send questions or comments to Marilee.Sellers@nau.edu

    Updated Feb 25, 1999

     

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