The Mars Information Page
last updated 04.08.15.22:14Z
- Planet Mars in Popular
Reviews Literature (incl. Swift, Wells, Burroughs, Bradbury, Heinlein, Robinson,
and Radio, Recent Film, Old Movies, and Miscl. (See also: 'Recent
Science Fiction' below)
Mars Chronology in three sections, Ancient and Medieval, Renaissance to
the Space Age, and Space Explorattion of Mars - richly interactive.
Why Mars? ... policies and politics
- Why Mars?
- Is Mars Ours?
The logistics and ethics of colonizing the red planet.
David Grinspoon, posted to Slate Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2004, at 4:26 PM-PT
- "Bush to
Announce Missions to Mars, Moon"
Marcia Dunn, Associated Press Aerospace Writer. posted to Space.com: 02:00
pm ET 09 January 2004
Non-Expeditions to the Moon and Mars"
Look closely: President Bush's space initiative is more about robots than
Richard A. Muller, Technology for Presidents, February 19, 2004
[ Note: requires one-time registration with MIT's Technology Review
- which is SAFE ]
- "NASA Administrator Shares Appreciation for Presidential Commission"
Glenn Mahone/Bob Jacobs, Headquarters, Washington,(Phone: 202/358-1898/1600)
June 16, 2004 (RELEASE : 04-095)
"The following is a statement from NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe regarding today's
report from the President's Commission on Implementation of U.S. Space Exploration Policy."
NASA & ESA
- The NASA Homepage
- NASA: Center for Mars Exploration
Mars Concept Maps, Atlas,
Calendar, Gallery, Mars Surveyor Landing Sites, Missions, Movies, Science<
- NASA Education Programs
Space Settlement Site
- TES Team
Monitors the Polar Regions of Mars
The goal of this page is to present up-to-date information about what the
TES instrument observes in the Martian polar regions as well as results of
analysis conducted at the USGS Flagstaff Field Center. Pages that are listed
as being updated daily commonly show data from a few days ago. This is because
there is a lag between data acquisition and downlink to Earth and processing
once the data are received.
- USGS: PDS Mars Global Surveyor
Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) Image Collection
- Mars Exploration Rovers Website
- NASA MarsOWeb:Mars exploration Program Landing Sites
Hematite West, Gusev Crater, Elysium, and Isidis Planitia East
A REFERENCE PROGRAM AND COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVE ARCHITECTURES
David B. Weaver and Michael B. Duke, NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center,
AIAA 93-4212; (1993)
- Mars24 - Time on Mars
The latest version of Mars24 is 5.1.2, released 2003-12-22.
Mars24 is a cross-platform Java application and applet which displays a Mars
"sunclock", a graphical representation of Mars showing the current sun- and
nightsides of Mars, along with a numerical readout of the time in 24-hour
format. Other displays include a plot showing the relative orbital positions
of Mars and Earth and a diagram showing the solar angle for a given location
- USGS Flagstaff
Includes: Astrogeology Research Program
The Astrogeology Research Program is a team of over 80 research scientists,
cartographers, computer scientists, administrative staff, students, contractors,
and volunteers working to support the efforts to explore, map, and understand
our solar system. Fields of particular interest are mapping, planetary geologic
processes, remote sensing and monitoring, and scientific analysis, which leads
to answers about our neighboring planets.
Browse the Solar System
- Indexes of Maps
of the Planets and Satellites 1992
- European Space Agency
- @MarsToday.com:The Whole Mars Catalogue
Issues: water, balloons, ...
- Exobiology:Life Through Space
The goal of NASA's Exobiology program is to understand the origin, evolution,
and distribution of life in the universe. Research is focused on tracing the
pathways taken by the biogenic elements, leading from the origin of the universe
through the major epochs in the evolution of living systems and their precursors.
These epochs are 1) The cosmic evolution of the biogenic compounds, 2) prebiotic
evolution, 3) the early evolution of life, and 4) the evolution of advanced
Links to: NASA, Space
Science, and Solar System Exploration.
- Marsbugs: The
Electronic Astrobiology Newsletter
Dave Thomas and Julian Hiscox founded Marsbugs in the Spring of 1994. Originally
called Marsbugs: The Electronic Exobiology Newsletter, this newsletter provides a
channel of information for scientists, educators and other persons interested in life
sciences as they relate to planetary science and space exploration. This newsletter is
not intended to replace peer-reviewed journals, but to supplement them. Marsbugs is a
medium in which people can informally present ideas for investigation, questions about
space biology, and announcements of upcoming events.
Astrobiology is still a relatively young field, and new ideas may come out of the most
unexpected places. Subjects may include, but are not limited to: exobiology and
astrobiology (life on other planets), the search for extraterrestrial
intelligence (SETI), ecopoeisis and terraformation, Earth from space, planetary
biology, primordial evolution, space physiology, biological life support systems,
and human habitation of space and other planets. Marsbugs is published on a weekly to
quarterly basis as warranted by the number of articles and announcements.
Article submissions are welcome, and should be submitted to the editor .
Whenever possible, submissions should include a short biographical statement
about the author(s) along with the author(s)' correspondence address.
Additional information on astrobiology and related topics may be found at
The Astrobiology Index.
- The SETI Institute
The mission of the SETI Institute is to explore, understand and explain
the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe.
The SETI Institute is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific
research, education and public outreach.
Founded in 1984, the Institute today employs over 100 scientists, educators
and support staff. Research at the Institute is anchored by two centers,
each directed by a renowned scientist who holds an endowed chair. Dr. Jill
Tarter leads the Center for SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence)
Research as Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI, while Dr. Christopher Chyba
holds the Carl Sagan Chair, and directs the Center for the Study of Life
in the Universe.
SETI@home is a scientific experiment that uses Internet-connected computers
in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). You can participate
by running a free program that downloads and analyzes radio telescope data.
The story is basically this. Presented as an actual occurrence, EON-4 details
the history of our first contact with an extraterrestrial species and the
events that follow. Given enough information by the Sentients, our extraterrestrial
friends, to make prolonged space travel by humans possible, the EON-4 project
has sent a team of explorers to make face-to-face contact (21K .JPG).
- Boston, Penelope J., Christopher McKay, and Carol Stoker, , Editors. 1984, 1985,
1989, The Case for Mars - conference prodceedings. San Diego, CA: Published
for the American Astronautical Society by Univelt, c1989.
- Bergreen, Laurence, 2001 Voyage to Mars: NASA's Search for Life Beyond Earth New York, NY: Riverhead Books.
- Harrison, A.A., Y.A. Clearwater, C.P. McKay, 1990 From Antarctica to Outer Space: Life in Isolation and Confinement. NY: Springer-Verlag.
Hartman, Travelers Guide to the Red Planet
- Zubrin, Robert with Richard Wagner 1996 The Case for Mars: The Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why We Must ; New York, NY: Touchstone/ Simon & Schuster.
More Image Sources
Projects & Organizations
- Mars Homestead Project
Utilizing concepts and designs from the past several decades, the Mars Homestead
Project seeks to develop a unified plan for building the first habitat on
Mars utilizing local materials. The ultimate goal of the project is to build
a growing, permanent settlement beyond the Earth, thus allowing civilization
to spread beyond the limits of our small planet.
- The Mars Institute
The Mars Institute was incorporated as a 501(c)(3) non-profit public benefit
corporation on September 18, 2002 in the State of California. The Mars Institute
was also incorporated as a federal non-profit corporation in Canada on November,
The creation of the Mars Institute was the culmination of a year's discussion
between the co-founders, Marc Boucher, Charles Cockell, Pascal Lee, Stephen
Braham and others.
The stated purpose of the Mars Institute is to further the scientific study,
exploration, and public understanding of Mars. The Institute:
* develops, implements and supports high quality peer-reviewed scientific
research about the planet Mars, its present nature, and its climatic, geologic
and possibly biologic evolution, including through investigations of similarities
and differences between the Earth, Mars and other planets;
* analyzes, develops and implement concepts, technologies and strategies for
the exploration of Mars, by robotic systems and humans;
* informs the public on the results, progress, and benefits to humankind of
Mars exploration through the development and implementation of educational
and public outreach activities.
"Romance to Reality: moon & Mars mission plans"
- The Case for Mars, recurrent
scholarly conference since 1984(?).
Mars Project - An Educational Space Simulation of a Journey to Mars
Welcome to The Mars Project, An Educational Space Simulation of a Journey
to Mars. This project engaged students on four continents in an extended space
simulation covering many months. This project sought to overcome some of the
limitations inherent in short-term educational space simulations by increasing
the duration of the simulation.
- The Project Pioneer
/ The Mars Millennium Project
The countdown to a new century provides a unique opportunity to engage America's
youth in charting a course for the future. The Mars Millennium Project, an
official White House Millennium Council Youth Initiative, challenges students
across the nation to design a community yet to be imagined - for the planet
The interdisciplinary learning project will engage kindergarten through high-school
students in classrooms and youth groups throughout the United States. Working
in teams with educators, community leaders and professionals in many fields,
hundreds of thousands of young people will weave the arts, sciences, and humanities
into an exploration of their own communities.They will then take the best
of the past and present, and apply what they have learned to the future. The
result; a new community - one that is scientifically sound and offers a high
quality of life - and one in which they would be proud to live.
Guiding the Mars Millennium Project are the U.S. Department of Education
Imagine creating a village for 100 transplanted earthlings on Mars in the
year 2030. This national Mars Millennium Project will inspire debate, in-depth
research and the quest for new ideas revolving around the White House Millennium
Council's central theme, "Honor the Past - Imagine the Future." Throughout
the course of the project, students will pose questions and find solutions
to important issues that affect our lives now and for generations to come.
- Malin Space Science Systems
Weather Report and Forecast for Mars Exploration Rover and Beagle 2 Landing
Sites Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) was established in 1990 to design,
develop, and operate instruments to fly on unmanned spacecraft. Its initial
focus was on the development and operation of the Mars
Observer Camera Ground Data System. After the
loss of Mars Observer in August 1993, MSSS participated in studies aimed
at recovering from the spacecraft loss, and was selected to provide the spare
Mars Observer Camera for the re-flight mission, Mars Global Surveyor. At the
same time, MSSS was developing a very small, modular camera system for future
flight missions. This work culminated with the selection of MSSS to provide
cameras for both the Mars
Surveyor '98 Orbiter and Lander. MSSS is also developing advanced data
processing and archiving techniques, as will be applied to processing of the
Clementine HiRes images.
- Explore Mars Now
Mars Habitat (membership)
Our goal is to inspire learning about space science & technology through this
web-based Mars simulator. Using ultra realism in site content and graphics,
we present plausible concepts for near future Mars missions drawing upon the
depth of knowledge from experts around the world.
We invite criticism on all aspects of the design presented on this site. In
the future, our goal is to present an open forum for discussion of issues
regarding Mars exploration. As part of this effort, we will be presenting
alternative designs, technology and science as we receive input from visitors.
- The Mars Society (membership)
The Purpose of the Mars Society:
To further the goal of the exploration and settlement of the Red Planet. This
will be done by:
1. Broad public outreach to instill the vision of pioneering Mars.
2. Support of ever more aggressive government funded Mars exploration programs
around the world.
3. Conducting Mars exploration on a private basis.
Starting small, with hitchhiker payloads on government funded missions, we
intend to use the credibility that such activity will engender to mobilize
larger resources that will enable stand-alone private robotic missions and
ultimately human exploration.
- The Planetary Society (membership)
The Planetary Society was founded in 1980 by Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray, and
Louis Friedman to encourage the exploration of our solar system and the search
for extraterrestrial life.
The Society is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization, funded by dues and
donations from individuals around the world. With more than 100,000 members
from over 140 countries, we are the largest space interest group on Earth.
Membership is open to all people interested in our mission.
* Encourages all spacefaring nations to explore other worlds
* Provides public information and supports educational activities about the
exploration of the solar system and the search for extraterrestrial life
* Supports and funds innovative and novel research and development projects
that can seed future projects of planetary exploration
to Our Solar System, Guide
to Lunar & Planetary Missions, Explore
and Space-Related Activities. Art
- The National Space Society" (membership)
The National Space Society's vision is people living and working in thriving
communities beyond the Earth. NSS members promote change in social, technical,
economic, and political conditions to advance the day when people will live
and work in space.
The National Space Society (NSS) is an independent, international, educational,
grassroots nonprofit 501(c)3 organization dedicated to the creation of a spacefaring
civilization. The NSS has more than 22,000 members, and 75 chapters in the
United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Germany, Ireland, and the United
Kingdom. The NSS, founded in 1974 by Wernher von Braun, is widely acknowledged
as the preeminent citizen's voice on space.
- Space Foundation Fronties Online
The Space Frontier Foundation is a media and policy organization composed
of space activists, scientists and engineers, media and political professionals,
entrepreneurs, and citizens from all backgrounds and all nations. We are transforming
space from a government-owned bureaucratic program into a dynamic and inclusive
frontier open to people. We are determined to convert the image held by many
young people that the future will be worse than the present, and we reject
the idea that the world's greatest moments are in its past.
Our central goal is the large-scale permanent settlement of space. We believe
people have the "right stuff' and that everyone will benefit from opening
the space frontier. We believe that free markets and free enterprise will
become an unstoppable force in the irreversible settlement of this new frontier,
and that our world is on the verge of a truly historic breakthrough - cheap
access to space.
- Lowell Observatory
Lowell Observatory is a privately owned astronomical research institution
located in Flagstaff, Arizona at an elevation of 7,260 feet. The Observatory
was founded in 1894 by Boston mathematician Percival Lowell. Best known for
the discovery of Pluto, Lowell Observatory is also where scientists gathered
the first evidence of the expanding universe. Today the Observatory's astronomers
carry out forefront research in all areas of astronomy.
View Lowell astronomer John Spencer's virtual
tour of Lowell for a look at the Observatory's campus.
- The Mars Society: The
Mars Base Simulation
... is an application that simulates a mars base and allows the user to explore
the surrounding area. It uses an interface similar to real-time strategy games
like Age of Empires and Command & Conquer. The map covers only a small area
of Mars, but both the map and the base are simulated to great detail.
- Mars Simulation Project
The Mars Simulation Project is a free software Java project to create a simulation
of future human settlement of Mars. The simulation is a multi-agent artificial
society set in a detailed virtual world. XML configuration files allow the
user to modify the simulation properties. The current version of the project
is 2.76, updated 8/4/04.
- Explore Mars Now: Interactive
- SolSys Archives ('04):
The Grue Pen;
Recent Science Fiction
Benford, Gregory, 1999 The Martian Race. New York, NY: Warner Books,
Benford, Gregory, 200? sequal to The Martian Race. New York, NY: Warner Books,Inc.
Bova, Ben, 1992 Mars.; New York, NY: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing
Bova, Ben, 1999 Return to Mars. New York, NY: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing
Robinson, Kim Stanley, 1993 Red Mars. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell
Publishing Group, Inc.
1994 Green Mars. New
York, NY: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc.
1996 Blue Mars.
New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc.
1999 The Martians. New
York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc.
Sykes, S.C. 1991 Red Genesis. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing
last updated on 04.08.15
This page is maintained by:
Reed D. Riner, Professor,
Department of Anthropology